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(23) Production(s) de l'année 2020


Ultrasound evaluation of the mechanical properties as an investigation tool for the woodpolymer composites including olive wood flour
Auteur(s): BOUHAMED Nesrine, Souissi Slim, Maréchal Pierre, Amar Mohamed Ben, LENOIR Olivier, Leger R., Bergeret Anne
(Article) Publié:
Mechanics Of Materials, vol. p.103445 (2020)
Ref HAL: hal02765687_v1
DOI: 10.1016/j.mechmat.2020.103445
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Résumé: This paper presents results obtained for the development of a woodpolymer composite (WPC) based on polypropylene (PP) reinforced by olive wood fibers (OWF). The effect of the wood flour content and its chemical fiber treatment (aminosilane) on the mechanical properties of the WPC was studied by ultrasonic methods and mechanical tensile test. The elastic properties of the studied PP/OWF compositions are discussed and both of the mentioned evaluations give similar tendencies even if the characterization methods are somewhat different. As a result, the increase of the fiber content and the addition of the aminosilane coupling agent is shown to improve the rigidity of composite materials. Eventually, a correlation factor between the estimated Young's moduli is established between the ultrasound values (for ε < 0.05%) and mechanical values (for 0.05 < ε < 0.25%). Ultrasound measurements are discussed as an alternative method for the elastic properties evaluation.



Compaction Model for Highly Deformable Particle Assemblies
Auteur(s): Cantor D., CárdenasBarrantes Manuel, Preechawuttipong Itthichai, Renouf M., Azema E.
(Article) Publié:
Physical Review Letters, vol. 124 p.208003 (2020)
Ref HAL: hal02632538_v1
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.208003
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Résumé: The compaction behavior of deformable grain assemblies beyond jamming remains bewildering, and existing models that seek to find the relationship between the confining pressure P and solid fraction ϕ end up settling for empirical strategies or fitting parameters. Using a coupled discretefinite element method, we analyze assemblies of highly deformable frictional grains under compression. We show that the solid fraction evolves nonlinearly from the jamming point and asymptotically tends to unity. Based on the micromechanical definition of the granular stress tensor, we develop a theoretical model, free from ad hoc parameters, correctly mapping the evolution of ϕ with P. Our approach unveils the fundamental features of the compaction process arising from the joint evolution of grain connectivity and the behavior of single representative grains. This theoretical framework also allows us to deduce a bulk modulus equation showing an excellent agreement with our numerical data.




Stress transmission in cemented bidisperse granular materials
Auteur(s): Heinze K., Frank Xavier, LullienPellerin Valerie, George M., Radjai F., Delenne J.Y.
(Article) Publié:
Physical Review E, vol. 101 p. (2020)
Ref HAL: hal02573271_v1
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.101.052901
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Résumé: We analyze stress distributions in a twodimensional bidisperse cemented granular packing for a broad range of the values of particlesize ratio, the volumes of large and small particles, and the amount of cementing matrix. In such textured porous materials, the stress concentration, which controls the fracture and fragmentation of the material under tensile loading or in grinding processes, reflects not only the porosity but also the contact network of the particle phase and the resulting stress chains. By means of peridynamic simulations under tensile loading, we show how both the texture and stress distribution depend on size ratio, volume ratio, and the amount of the cementing matrix. In particular, the volume fraction of the class of small particles plays a key role in homogenizing stresses across the system by reducing porosity. Interestingly, the texture controls not only the porosity but also the distribution of pores inside the system with its statistical variability, found to be strongly correlated with the homogeneity of stresses inside the large particles. The most homogeneous stress distribution occurs for the largest size ratio and largest volume fraction of small particles, corresponding to the lowest pore size dispersion and the cushioning effect of small particles and its similar role to the binding matrix for stress redistribution across the packing. At higher porosity, the tensile stresses above the mean stress fall off exponentially in all phases with an exponent that strongly depends on the texture. The exponential part broadens with decreasing matrix volume fraction and particlesize ratio. These correlations reveal the strong interplay between size polydispersity and the cohesive action of the binding matrix for stress distribution, which is significant for the behavior of textured materials in grinding operations.



Scaling behavior of particle breakage in granular flows inside rotating drums
Auteur(s): Orozco L., Delenne J.Y., Sornay Philippe, Radjai F.
(Article) Publié:
Physical Review E, vol. E 101 p.052904 (2020)
Ref HAL: hal02569714_v1
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.101.052904
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Résumé: We perform systematic particle dynamics simulations of granular flows composed of breakable particles in a 2D rotating drum to investigate the evolution of the mean particle size and specific surface as a function of system parameters such as drum size, rotation speed, filling degree, and particle shape and size. The specific surface increases at a nearly constant rate up to a point where particle breakage begins to slow down. The rates of particle breakage for all values of system parameters are found to collapse on a master curve when the times are scaled by the characteristic time defined in the linear regime. We determine the characteristic time as a function of all system parameters, and we show that the rate of particle breakage can be expressed as a linear function of a general scaling parameter that incorporates all our system parameters. This scaling behavior provides a general framework for the upscaling of drum grinding process from laboratory to industrial scale.




Frictional cohesive zone model for quasibrittle fracture: mixedmode and coupling between cohesive and frictional behaviors
Auteur(s): Venzal Vincent, Morel Stéphane, Parent Thomas, Dubois F.
(Article) Publié:
International Journal Of Solids And Structures, vol. p. (2020)
Ref HAL: hal02550737_v1
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2020.04.023
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Résumé: In this study, a general frictional cohesive zone model (FCZM) dedicated to quasibrittle fracture is proposed to describe the mechanical response of an interface under combined traction or compression and shear loadings. Under combined traction and shear loadings, mixedmode I + II cohesive zone model, as proposed by Camanho et al. (2003), is used to express the mixedmode response of the interface and the dependence to the loading path consistent to the one expected in quasibrittle fracture. Under combined compression and shear loadings, the novelty lies in the proposed coupling between Mode II cohesive behavior and frictional behavior based on the damage level leading to a progressive rising of the frictional stress associated with the softening part of the cohesive behavior of the interface. FCZM thus describes a smooth transition from a cohesive zone to a pure frictional contact zone. Applied to the masonry context, this general FCZM can be fully characterized through two fracture tests carried out on small masonry assemblages. Finally, FCZM is implemented in LMGC90 discrete element code and used to simulate the experimental response of an unilateral cyclic shear test carried out on a triplet of limestone blocks assembled by two mortar joints.




Evolution of wet agglomerates inside inertial shear flow of dry granular materials
Auteur(s): Vo T. T., Mutabaruka P., Nezamabadi S., Delenne J.Y., Radjai F.
(Article) Publié:
Physical Review E, vol. 101 p. (2020)
Ref HAL: hal02540224_v1
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.101.032906
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Résumé: We use particle dynamics simulations to investigate the evolution of a wet agglomerate inside homogeneous shear flows of dry particles. The agglomerate is modeled by introducing approximate analytical expressions of capillary and viscous forces between particles in addition to frictional contacts. During shear flow, the agglomerate may elongate, break, or be eroded by loss of its capillary bonds and primary particles. By systematically varying the shear rate and surface tension of the binding liquid, we characterize the rates of these dispersion modes. All the rates increase with increasing inertial number of the flow and decreasing cohesion index of the agglomerate. We show that the data points for each mode collapse on a master curve for a dimensionless scaling parameter that combines the inertial number and the cohesion index. The erosion rate vanishes below a cutoff value of the scaling parameter. This leads to a powerlaw borderline between the vanishing erosion states and erosion states in the phase space defined by the inertial number and the cohesion index.



Additive rheology of complex granular flows
Auteur(s): Vo T. T., Nezamabadi S., Mutabaruka P., Delenne J.Y., Radjai F.
(Article) Publié:
Nature Communications, vol. 11 p. (2020)
Ref HAL: hal02540059_v1
DOI: 10.1038/s41467020152633
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Résumé: Granular flows are omnipresent in nature and industrial processes, but their rheological properties such as apparent friction and packing fraction are still elusive when inertial, cohesive and viscous interactions occur between particles in addition to frictional and elastic forces. Here we report on extensive particle dynamics simulations of such complex flows for a model granular system composed of perfectly rigid particles. We show that, when the apparent friction and packing fraction are normalized by their cohesiondependent quasistatic values, they are governed by a single dimensionless number that, by virtue of stress additivity, accounts for all interactions. We also find that this dimensionless parameter, as a generalized inertial number, describes the texture variables such as the bond network connectivity and anisotropy. Encompassing various stress sources, this unified framework considerably simplifies and extends the modeling scope for granular dynamics, with potential applications to powder technology and natural flows.

