|Sinking in a bed of grains activated by shearing |
Auteur(s): Zheng Hu, Wang Dong, Barés J., Behringer Robert
(Article) Publié: Physical Review E, vol. 98 p. (2018)
Ref HAL: hal-01878501_v1
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We show how a weak force f enables intruder motion through dense granular materials subject to external mechanical excitations, in the present case, stepwise shearing. A force acts on a Teflon disk in a two-dimensional system of photoelastic disks. This force is much smaller than the smallest force needed to move the disk without any external excitation. In a cycle, the material plus intruder are sheared quasistatically from γ=0 to γmax, and then backwards to γ=0. During various cycle phases, fragile and jammed states form. Net intruder motion δ occurs during fragile periods generated by shear reversals. δ per cycle, e.g., the quasistatic rate c, is constant, linearly dependent on γmax and f. It vanishes as c∝(ϕc−ϕ)a, with a≃3 and ϕc≃ϕJ, reflecting the stiffening of granular systems under shear [J. Ren, J. A. Dijksman, and R. P. Behringer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 018302 (2013)] as ϕ→ϕJ. The intruder motion induces large-scale grain circulation. In the intruder frame, this motion is a granular analog to fluid flow past a cylinder, where f is the drag force exerted by the flow.